Iraqi Kurdistan has resumed crude exports through its pipeline to the Turkish Mediterranean. But flows from the Iraqi state North Oil Company (NOC) have been halted. This highlights the KRG’s perilous dependency on the vagaries of multiple actors with varying agendas.

Northern Iraq’s Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) resumed crude oil exports through its 700,000 b/d pipeline to the Turkish Mediterranean port of Ceyhan on the evening of 11 March following a 23 day outage.

But...