By-Dr Saleh Jallad*

The cost of the socio-economic devastation resulting from the civil and foreign wars in Syria since 2010 has been estimated by various regional and international sources, including the UN and ESCWA, at $200-250bn. Despite political efforts to achieve a final, sustainable solution, uncertainty continues to surround the availability of funds as well as the timeline for reconstruction, the reason being the decisive role played by financial intermediaries, including...