Besides improving efficiency as a means to reduce fuel demand, Saudi Arabia is also looking to develop renewables and nuclear. So far the kingdom has been slow to join the global renewables race, with only 25MW of operational solar capacity.

In 2013 King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (Kacare) announced a target of 54GW of renewables by 2030. However, Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman has this year set a more feasible target of 9.5GW by 2030, of which 3.45GW is to be in...