Even with the government’s decision in 2015 to begin phasing out coal burning in its electricity sector by 15% in 2016 (with actual cutbacks reaching 17%) and by a further 5% this year, filling that void with gas is a more gradual and time-consuming process.

Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz says that Israel is looking to reduce the use of coal within the energy mix to 10% by 2025. He says this will be achieved once four coal units at the power station at Hadera are shut down and...