Cairo is bullish that it can reach energy self-sufficiency before the turn of the decade. But, despite key impending start-ups such as Eni’s Zohr, sharp decline rates at existing fields mean that further finds will be needed to meet these goals.

Egypt’s gas output rose to 5.22bn cfd in May, the highest level since October 2013, with both the BP-led 1.2bn cfd West Nile Delta (WND) project and Italian firm Eni’s 1bn cfd Noroos field ramping up. Cairo says it will reach gas...