The long-delayed start of gas imports from Iran will help Iraq alleviate its crippling gas shortage and reduce its dependence on burning crude and fuel oil for power generation. Imports started on 21 June at 7mn m³/d (245mn cfd) and will be ramped up to 1.2bn cfd under a 2013 agreement. The gas will supply three power stations in Diyala and Baghdad provinces.

Startup had been delayed by security concerns along the border area. A second pipeline to supply commensurate volumes to Basra...