The UN has injected some impetus into Libya’s stalled peace proceedings with the publication of a new road map. The new plans may yield some progress, but they have had to go several steps back in order to move forward, and many of the obstacles that sunk the last deal will continue to pose considerable challenges.

On 20 September, the new head of the UN’s Libya mission Ghassan Salamé announced the latest ‘action plan’ to right the country’s wrongs. The...