In the wake of longstanding threats by Tripoli-based NOC that it will seek legal action against fuel smugglers, the country’s Attorney General has issued warrants for 144 arrests.

Praising the move in a February statement, NOC said “smuggling costs the Libyan economy and citizens hundreds of millions.” NOC plans to “submit periodic reports and information on smuggling operations” to the Attorney General.

The warrants have been issued for smugglers in western...