Once Iraq’s largest refinery, war-damaged Baiji has restarted after four years offline. It will help ameliorate Iraq’s chronic products shortfall and facilitate production increases at Kirkuk. But ongoing instability means another lengthy shutdown is just an attack away. 
 
Partial operations at Baiji refinery commenced this week for the first time since Islamic State (IS) overran the plant in June 2014 inflicting catastrophic damage (MEES, 26 September 2014). Prior...