The Kurdistan Region’s 30 September parliamentary elections were marked by apathy. Initial reports pegged the turnout at just 58%, a record low.

This low turnout appears to have been largely motivated by disillusionment with the political system, voter fatigue (coming hot on the heels of Iraq’s May elections and September 2017’s controversial independence referendum) and concerns over corruption. Indeed, allegations of election fraud since the polls are rife.

The duopoly...