Foreign incumbents in the Mideast upstream have largely been from Europe or the US. But Asian firms are challenging the status quo. Japan’s Inpex is closing in on European major Shell and is eying more as it seeks to double global output.

When it comes to Mena oil production, France’s Total is undoubtedly top dog with over  500,000 b/d in net output (MEES, 23 November). But behind Total, a chasing pack is jostling for the No.2 spot which looks set to be snatched by Chinese...