Commissioning now expected in 2025 after schedule hit by land dispute.

The $44bn Ratnagiri refining and integrated petrochemicals project in India, in which Saudi state firm Aramco and Abu Dhabi’s Adnoc have a preliminary agreement to take 25% equity each, has been delayed by two years because of local political opposition to land purchasing for the complex.

The $1.2mn b/d refinery at Ratnagiri, 340km south of Mumbai on India’s west coast in Maharashtra province, was originally...