Libya managed six-year high output of 1mn b/d for 2018. But the country’s latest upsurge in instability came at a cruel time as IOCs were finalizing their 2019 plans. A step-up in IOC investment is a prerequisite for Libya getting anywhere near its 1.6mn b/d end-2019 output target. But Libya rates barely a footnote in their plans.

Despite the mammoth challenges facing Libya’s beleaguered oil and gas sector from dilapidated infrastructure to pressing security challenges, National...