Improved electricity provision is a national security necessity for Iraq, but amid political instability and a bureaucratic quagmire even sticking-plaster measures designed to ease pressure for the upcoming summer may prove too little too late.

Energy Minister Luay al-Khatteeb told MEES last month that whilst “there are no magic tricks or wonders that will bring radical solutions for summer 2019,” the ministry is still targeting a 15% increase in available powergen capacity...