Iraqi Kurdistan’s myriad of small firms are the back-bone of its oil sector and they are planning ambitious developments in 2019. Annual results show numerous companies upgrading processing facilities, drilling new wells, adding pipeline connections, and planning record capital spending. All things considered, MEES estimates that by end-2019, output could exceed 500,000 b/d (see chart and MEES, 18 January).

At the 30,000 b/d Atrush field – an increasingly key producer in the...