More than $17bn-worth of gas sales deals have been signed since 2014 to supply Israeli gas to Jordan and Egypt despite sporadic public disapproval, primarily in Jordan. Crunch time is fast approaching with the 22tcf Leviathan field due online by year’s end.

Israel’s relations with Egypt have improved over the last 12 months as mutual interest – both on the energy and security fronts (MEES, 31 August 2018) – has brought the former adversaries together. The recent...