Saudi Arabia toppled Russia as China’s top supplier of crude in the first quarter of 2019, thanks to a record 1.725mn b/d in March. China imported a record 1.544mn b/d from Saudi Arabia in Q1, ahead of second placed Russia which sent 1.471mn b/d to China, while Angola overtook Iraq for third spot (see p16).

Saudi Arabia is making good on its pledge in November 2018 to reclaim its position as China’s largest crude oil supplier.

The UAE supplied China 369,000 b/d in Q1, equaling...